Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat many common hip conditions. It is the preferred method of treatment over traditional open hip surgery because of its smaller incisions and quicker recovery time.
Hip arthroscopy uses a camera to relieve inflammation in the hip area and preserve the cartilage that is still present. This procedure can help postpone or even eliminate the need for hip replacement surgery.
While hip arthroscopy is a popular procedure used to treat many conditions, it is not for everyone. Talk to your doctor to find out if you are a candidate for hip arthroscopy.
Click the interactive video link below to learn more about this procedure:
A hip fracture is a break in the top of the femur (thighbone) where the bone angles toward the hip joint. If the break occurs within two inches of the joint, it is called a femoral neck fracture. If it occurs between two and four inches from the joint, it is known as an intertrochanteric fracture. (A break further down the bone is classified as a broken femur rather than a broken hip.) Femoral neck fractures require more extensive surgery.
Hip fractures usually make it too painful for the person to stand. The leg may may turn outward or shorten. They generally require hospitalization and surgical repair.
Also known as femoro-acetabular or FA impingement, hip impingement is an abnormality in the way the ball of the femur (thighbone) and the acetabulum (hip socket) fit together. It is a fairly common condition that affects more men than women. An improper shape of both the ball and the socket creates excess friction in the joint and may cause the hip to "jam" in front when bending forward. Over the years, hip impingement can tear or wear down hip cartilage (osteoarthritis), causing pain, swelling, stiffness and loss of mobility. The condition may be present at birth but cause no symptoms until later in life. Athletic activity—particularly soccer, football, hockey and running—may exacerbate the problem. If left untreated, the person may require total hip replacement.
Total Hip Replacement
The hip is a "ball-and-socket" joint where the "ball" at the top of the thigh bone (femur) fits inside the "socket" in the pelvis (acetabulum). A natural substance in the body called cartilage lubricates the joint. When the bone and/or cartilage of the hip becomes diseased or damaged from arthritis, hip fractures, bone death or other causes, the joint can stiffen and be very painful. A total hip replacement may be recommended for patients who experience severe, chronic hip pain and can't do what they want or need to do in daily life.
In a total hip replacement, the diseased bone and cartilage are replaced with an artificial joint called a prosthesis. The surgery takes from two to four hours. Patients usually enjoy immediate relief from joint pain after the surgery.